Bitwise logical operators are a set of operators that perform logical operations on individual bits. These operators are commonly used in computer programming to manipulate data stored in variables, particularly when working with low-level hardware or when optimizing code for efficiency. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at the four bitwise logical operators: AND (&), OR (|), XOR (^), and NOT (~).

## Bitwise Logical AND (&)

The Bitwise logical AND operator compares each bit of its operands and returns 1 if both bits are 1, and 0 if either bit is 0. For example:

`1010 & 1100 = 1000`

In this example, the AND operator compares the two binary numbers 1010 and 1100, which are 10 and 12 in decimal, respectively. The resulting binary number 1000 is 8 in decimal.

## Bitwise Logical OR (|)

The Bitwise logical OR operator compares each bit of its operands and returns 1 if either bit is 1, and 0 if both bits are 0. For example:

`1010 | 1100 = 1110`

In this example, the OR operator compares the two binary numbers 1010 and 1100, which are 10 and 12 in decimal, respectively. The resulting binary number 1110 is 14 in decimal.

## Bitwise Logical XOR (^)

The Bitwise logical XOR operator compares each bit of its operands and returns 1 if the bits are different, and 0 if the bits are the same. For example:

`1010 ^ 1100 = 0110`

In this example, the XOR operator compares the two binary numbers 1010 and 1100, which are 10 and 12 in decimal, respectively. The resulting binary number 0110 is 6 in decimal.

## Bitwise Logical NOT (~)

The NOT operator flips the value of each bit. For example:

`~1010 = 0101`

In this example, the Bitwise logical NOT operator flips the value of each bit in the binary number 1010, which is 10 in decimal. The resulting binary number 0101 is 5 in decimal.

It’s important to note that bitwise logical operators only work on integers, and they perform the operation on each individual bit rather than the entire number as a whole. This can be a powerful tool for manipulating data at a low level, but it can also be confusing if we’re not familiar with binary numbers.

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