Object Oriented Programming (OOP) vs Procedural Oriented Programming (POP)

Procedural Oriented Programming (POP) and Object Oriented Programming (OOP) are two different programming paradigms that we are using to solve problems in the field of computer science. Though we use both approaches to write software programs, there are several key differences between them. In this blog post, we will explore the main difference between POP and OOP using Java as an example.

The main difference between OOP and POP

Objects contain both data and the associated methods required to manipulate that data.Programs are divided into smaller procedures or functions that are executed step-by-step.
Code is organized around objects and their interactions.Code is written in a linear fashion, with one instruction being executed after the other.
Supports inheritance, which allows one class to inherit the properties and methods of another class.Does not support inheritance.
Promotes a more modular approach to programming, making it easier to make changes to a program without affecting existing functionality.Changes made to a program can affect other parts of the code, making it more difficult to make changes without introducing errors.
Facilitates code reuse, as objects can be easily used in other parts of the program without the need to rewrite the code.Does not support code reuse in the same way as OOP.

As you can see from the table, OOP has several advantages over POP. It allows for code reuse, facilitates a more modular approach to programming, and supports inheritance. These features make it easier to write, maintain, and update software programs written in OOP languages such as Java.

In summary, it’s worth noting that both POP and OOP have their own set of pros and cons, and the right approach will depend on the specific problem you are trying to solve. However, OOP has become the most dominant programming paradigm in recent years. The most modern object-oriented programming languages are Java, Python, Ruby, and JavaScript.

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