java.lang.Short Class in Java

Java programming offers a multitude of classes and libraries that facilitate various functionalities. Among these, the java.lang.Short class holds a pivotal role. This article aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the java.lang.Short class, covering its purpose, usage, and advantages. Let’s delve into the world of Java’s Short class.

The java.lang.Short class is an integral part of Java’s standard library. It is primarily used to represent 16-bit signed two’s complement integers, covering a range from -32,768 to 32,767. This class offers several methods and functionalities that enable developers to manipulate and work with short integer values efficiently.

Exploring the Functionality

The java.lang.Short class provides a set of methods to perform various operations on short integer values. Some of its key functionalities include:

Creating Short Objects

Developers can create instances of the Short class using the constructor that accepts a short value as an argument. For example:

Short myShort = new Short((short) 42);

Converting Strings to Shorts

The class offers a method, parseShort(String s), which allows parsing strings to obtain short values:

String numStr = "12345";
short parsedShort = Short.parseShort(numStr);

Short to String Conversion

The toString() method facilitates converting a Short object to a String:

Short myShort = new Short((short) 99);
String strValue = myShort.toString();

Short Value Comparison

Developers can compare two Short objects using methods like equals(Object obj) and compareTo(Short anotherShort):

Short num1 = new Short((short) 5);
Short num2 = new Short((short) 8);

if (num1.equals(num2)) {
    // Code for equal values
} else if (num1.compareTo(num2) < 0) {
    // Code for num1 < num2
} else {
    // Code for num1 > num2

Additional Utility Methods

The Short class also provides utility methods for tasks like retrieving the short value as a byte or an int and getting the hash code of the object.

Advantages of Using the java.lang.Short Class

The incorporation of the java.lang.Short class brings forth several advantages:

  • Memory Efficiency: As a 16-bit data type, Short consumes less memory compared to larger data types, optimizing memory usage in applications.
  • Performance: Short values are processed faster by the CPU, leading to improved performance in computation-intensive scenarios.
  • Range Restriction: In cases where a smaller range of values is sufficient, using Short prevents unnecessary memory consumption.


Can I perform arithmetic operations directly on Short objects?

While arithmetic operations like addition and subtraction can be performed on Short objects, they are internally promoted to integers, so type casting might be needed.

Is the java.lang.Short class suitable for large numerical values?

No, Short is best suited for smaller ranges of values. For larger numerical values, other data types like int or long are more appropriate.

How does the Short class handle overflow?

In case of overflow, the Short class wraps around to the minimum value and continues from there.

Can I use Short objects in collections like ArrayList?

Yes, you can use Short objects in collections, but due to auto-boxing and unboxing, there might be a slight performance overhead.

Are there any alternatives to the java.lang.Short class?

Yes, if you need a wider range of values, you can use int or long. If memory conservation is not a concern, BigInteger can also be used.

Can I convert a short value to a byte using the Short class?

Yes, the byteValue() method allows you to obtain the short value as a byte.