RowSet in JDBC

One of the most important concepts in JDBC is the row set. It helps a set of rows manipulate and navigate like a cursor. In this blog post, we will discuss RowSet in JDBC and its importance.

What is RowSet in JDBC?

A RowSet is a Java object that represents a set of rows from a database table. It provides a simple way to work with database data in memory, without having to maintain a connection to the database. A row set helps to manipulate and navigate like a cursor data populated from a SQL query.

Types of Row Sets in JDBC


This RowSet contains a copy of the data from a ResultSet in memory. It helps to modify and navigate data without the need of connecting to the database.


This RowSet provides a connected view of a ResultSet helping to update both locally and directly in the data source.


It is similar to the CachedRowSet, but optimized to use in web-based applications. We can use WebRowSet to serialize data as XML for transport over HTTP.


This RowSet allows the filtering of data based on specific criteria, without changing the original data.


JoinRowSet allows data to be joined from multiple data sources, without requiring a connection to each source.

Why are Row Sets important in JDBC?

Row sets are an important part of JDBC for several reasons:

  1. Efficiency: RowSet allows the programmer to work with data in memory, reducing the number of database calls required. This can improve application performance and reduce network traffic.
  2. Flexibility: Row sets provide a flexible way to work with data, allowing the programmer to sort, filter, and manipulate data in memory.
  3. Offline Access: We can use RowSets to provide offline access to data, allowing the programmer to work with data even when there is no connection to the database.
  4. Serialization: Web row sets help us to serialize and sent over the internet, making it easy to distribute data between different parts of an application.