# Short Circuit Logical Operator in Java

Java has a few different logical operators that allow us to write more complex conditions in our code. Two of these are the short circuit logical operators `&&` and `||`. These operators are similar to the regular logical AND and OR operators (`&` and `|`), but they have an additional feature called “short circuiting” that can be useful in certain situations.

## Short Circuit Logical AND (&&)

The short circuit logical AND operator (`&&`) is used to evaluate two conditions at the same time. If the first condition is `false`, then the second condition is not even evaluated, because it doesn’t matter what the result of the second condition is. This is what is meant by “short circuit”: the evaluation of the second condition is “short circuited” because it is not necessary.

Here is an example of the short circuit AND operator in action:

``````if (x > 0 && y > 0) {
System.out.println("Both x and y are greater than 0");
}``````

In this example, the code will only print the message if both x and y are greater than 0. If x is not greater than 0, then there is no point in evaluating the second condition (y > 0), because the overall condition will be `false` regardless.

## Short Circuit Logical OR (||)

The short circuit logical OR operator (`||`) is similar to the AND operator, but it is used when we want to evaluate two conditions and return `true` if either one is `true`. If the first condition is `true`, then the second condition is not even evaluated, because it doesn’t matter what the result of the second condition is.

Here is an example of the short circuit OR operator in action:

``````if (x > 0 || y > 0) {
System.out.println("Either x or y (or both) are greater than 0");
}``````

In this example, the code will print the message if either x or y (or both) are greater than 0. If x is greater than 0, then there is no point in evaluating the second condition (y > 0), because the overall condition will be `true` regardless.

## Common use cases of short circuit logical operators

The short circuit logical operators can be useful in a few different situations.

• One is when we have a long chain of conditions and we want to make sure that the second and subsequent conditions are only evaluated if the first one is `true` (for the AND operator) or `false` (for the OR operator). This can save us time and resources, especially if the second condition is expensive to evaluate.
• Another use case for the short circuit logical operators is when we have a condition that could potentially throw a `NullPointerException`. For example:
``````if (obj != null && obj.getValue() > 0) {
System.out.println("obj has a positive value");
}``````

In this case, if `obj` is `null`, then the second condition (`obj.getValue() > 0`) will never be evaluated, because it would throw a `NullPointerException`. By using the short circuit AND operator, we can avoid this exception and write more robust code.

It’s important to note that the short circuit logical operator is different from the regular logical AND operator (`&`). The regular AND operator will always evaluate both conditions, regardless of the result of the first one. This can be useful in certain situations, but it can also be slower and more resource-intensive.

## Conclusion

The short circuit logical operator is a useful tool in Java that allows us to write more efficient and robust code. It is particularly useful when we have a long chain of conditions or when we need to avoid potential exceptions. Just be sure to use it appropriately and understand the difference between the short circuit logical operator and the regular AND operator.