JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) is a Java API (Application Programming Interface) that provides a standard set of interfaces to connect Java applications to databases. JDBC allows Java programs to interact with databases, execute SQL statements, and retrieve results.
Following are some of the common uses of JDBC:
- Connecting to a database: JDBC provides a standard set of interfaces to connect Java applications to databases. Using JDBC, we can connect to a database and establish a connection with a specific database driver.
- Executing SQL statements: With JDBC, we can execute SQL statements on a database. These statements can be in the form of select, update, delete, or insert. The JDBC API provides interfaces to create SQL statements, set parameters, and execute them.
- Retrieving results: Once we execute an SQL statement, we can retrieve the results using JDBC. We can use the ResultSet interface to navigate through the results and extract the required data.
- Transaction management: JDBC also provides transaction management support. We can use the Connection interface to manage transactions, including starting and committing transactions.
- Error handling: JDBC provides a set of exceptions for error handling. We can handle exceptions thrown by JDBC to manage errors in our Java program.