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Difference between AWT and Swing

AWT and swing are the Java API and both can be used to create a Graphical User Interface (GUI) based application in Java. The Java Foundation Classes (JFC) are a set of GUI components that simplify the development of Desktop applications.

The AWT API-related resources like Class and Interfaces are available in java.awt package and Swing API-related resources are available inside javax.swing package.

The package javax means the extension of the Java Standard Extension.

Main differences between AWT and Swing

AWTSwing
AWT API is available from Java version 1.0.Swing API is added in a later version of Java Standard Edition 1.2.
AWT components are platform-dependent.Swing components are platform-independent.
It provides fewer components than Swing.It provides more powerful components like Table, List, Scrollpane, color chooser, tabbed pane, and so on.
AWT components are heavyweight.Swing components are lightweight.
AWT does not support a pluggable look and feel in its components.It supports a pluggable look and feels.
AWT does not support the popular design pattern called MVC (Model View Controller).Swing supports and follows the MVC pattern.

Hierarchy of Java Swing classes

Java Swing Class Hierarchy
Difference between AWT and Swing 3

Common methods in Component class

MethodDescription
public void add(Component c)Adds a component to another component.
public void setSize(int width, int height)Sets the size of the component.
public void setLayout(LayoutManager lm)Sets the layout manager for the component.
public void setVisible(boolean b)Sets the visibility of the component. The default value is false.


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