Packages in Java

In Java, packages are used to group related classes and interfaces together and provide a way to manage their access levels. They help developers organize their code, making it easier to reuse and maintain.

To define a package in Java, we can use the package keyword followed by the name of the package. For example, to create a package called com.codersathi, we can use the following code:

package com.codersathi;

// package contents go here

To import a package into our Java code, we can use the import keyword followed by the name of the package. For example, to import the com.codersathi package, we can use the following code:

import com.codersathi.*;

This will import all the classes and interfaces in the com.codersathi package. Alternatively, we can import a specific class or interface by specifying its fully qualified name, like this:

import com.codersathi.MyClass;

In Java, there are four levels of access control: private, default, protected, and public.

  • private access is the most restrictive, allowing access only within the class where the member is defined.
  • default access allows access within the package, but not from outside the package.
  • protected access allows access within the package and also from subclasses, even if they are in a different package.
  • public access allows access from anywhere.

By using access control, we can control the visibility and accessibility of our code, preventing unintended modification or misuse. This helps to ensure the integrity and stability of our application.

Here’s an example of a Java class that uses a package and access control:

package com.codersathi;

public class MyClass {
    private int privateField;
    int defaultField;
    protected int protectedField;
    public int publicField;

    private void privateMethod() {
        // code goes here

    void defaultMethod() {
        // code goes here

    protected void protectedMethod() {
        // code goes here

    public void publicMethod() {
        // code goes here

This class, called MyClass, is part of the com.codersathi package and has four fields and four methods, each with a different level of access control. The privateField and privateMethod can only be accessed within the MyClass class, while the defaultField and defaultMethod can be accessed within the com.codersathi package. The protectedField and protectedMethod can be accessed within the com.codersathi package and also by subclasses of MyClass, even if they are in a different package. Finally, the publicField and publicMethod can be accessed from anywhere.

In summary, packages in Java are a useful tool for organizing and managing our code, and access control helps to ensure that the members of our classes and interfaces are accessed and modified in a controlled and predictable manner.