A Simple Servlet Program in Java

Are you looking to learn more about Servlet programming? Servlets are Java-based web components that run on a web server and provide dynamic content to web browsers. In this post, we will cover a simple Servlet program that can help you understand the basics of Servlet programming.

First, let’s start by discussing what Servlets are and how they work. Servlets are Java classes that are used to extend the capabilities of web servers. They receive requests from clients, process them, and return responses back to the clients. Servlets can be used to create dynamic web pages, handle user input, and interact with databases.

To create a Servlet program, you will need to follow these steps:

  1. Install a Java Development Kit (JDK) on your computer.
  2. Set up a web server like Apache Tomcat or Jetty.
  3. Create a Java class that extends the HttpServlet class.
  4. Override the doGet() method to handle HTTP GET requests.
  5. Compile the Java class and deploy the resulting .class file to the web server.

Let’s dive into a simple example of a Servlet program:

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.io.*;

public class SimpleServlet extends HttpServlet {
   public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
      PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
      out.println("<title>Simple Servlet Program</title>");
      out.println("<h1>Hello, world!</h1>");

In this example, we import the necessary Servlet and HTTP packages, extend the HttpServlet class, and override the doGet() method to handle HTTP GET requests. Inside the doGet() method, we set the content type of the response to “text/html”, create a PrintWriter object to output HTML content to the client, and write the HTML code that generates the “Hello, world!” message.

Once you have created your Servlet program, you will need to compile it and deploy it to your web server. This can be done using the following steps:

  1. Compile the SimpleServlet.java file using the following command: javac SimpleServlet.java
  2. Create a web application directory in the webapps directory of your web server.
  3. Create a WEB-INF directory inside the web application directory.
  4. Create a classes directory inside the WEB-INF directory.
  5. Copy the SimpleServlet.class file to the classes directory.
  6. Create a web.xml file inside the WEB-INF directory with the following content:
  1. Restart your web server.

In this example, we create a web.xml file that maps the SimpleServlet class to the /SimpleServlet URL pattern. This means that when a client requests the /SimpleServlet URL, the web server will invoke the SimpleServlet class to handle the request.

In conclusion, Servlet programming is a powerful tool for creating dynamic web pages and handling user input. This simple Servlet program should help you understand the basics of Servlet programming and get you started on your journey to becoming a Servlet developer.